I am a very firm believer in India’s future. You cannot belittle or ignore the aspirations of 1,190,083,000+ people. But it’s really disheartening to see Indian’s negligent dominance in world politics.
India is not yet in the position to influence international decisions or policies and is clearly not ready to accept a responsible role in settling international issues.
The world’s largest democracy is yet to give a befitting reply to problems such as naxalism, corruption, poverty and unemployment. Kashmir, and uneven and discriminative development are also proving to be major hurdles on India’s path.
Although India has been a regular contributor in the UN’s Peace-Keeping Operations, it has a long way to go when it comes to dealing with its internal turmoil and external or border issues. Talks with China and Pakistan have not produced the desired results. After every year and every talk, it seems we are back to where we started.
“India’s position has been that we are not asking this prematurely, we are asking for it at a time when it is more or less irrefutable,” said Srinath Raghavan, a senior Fellow at New Delhi’s Center for Policy Research. “The key attribute of a great power is not just military or economic power, but the ability to set the agenda of international politics. The U.N. Security Council has a great deal of control over what is discussed.”
This year has been very important in terms of international relations. It has been a decade since India has been vying for a seat in the UNSC. Most people already believe that the recent events have improved our chances of securing a permanent UNSC seat. The visits and assurances of US president Barack Obama, French President Nicholas Sarkozy and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev have surely boosted India’s morale. Japan was also promised for a seat by the US but they haven’t delivered on their promise, so not much can be said as yet.
The US’ relations with Pakistan and our shaky relations with China can significantly undermine our chances. Our leaders are claiming the India’s demand is genuine, but so are leaders from Japan, Brazil, Germany, South Africa, Italy, Indonesia etc.
For a country to be accommodated as a permanent member of the UNSC, the UN Charter has to be amended which will require 2/3rd of the General, i.e 128 votes, followed by the ratification by the same number, plus the assent of the permanent security members. Needless to say this process is time consuming. Currently, India is a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council and has been elected after a gap of 19 years. The General Assembly elected Colombia, Germany, India, Portugal and South Africa to serve as non-permanent members of the Security Council for a two-year term starting on 1 January 2011.
(According to The Washington Post, India was offered a permanent seat on the council 55 years ago, in 1955. But that offer, made by the United States and the Soviet Union, was declined by India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. Nehru said the seat should be given to China instead.)
I would like to conclude that it will take more than just assurances and support from a handful of countries to secure a permanent seat in the UNSC. India can be a truly powerful and dominant nation on the world stage only if it manages to tackle at least most of its internal disputes and problems.